Gulf War II
- (2003)In March 2003, the United States and Great Britain launched a war against Iraq that quickly overthrew Saddam Hussein's Baathist government but then just as quickly lapsed into a virulent civil war between Iraq's sectarian and ethnic groups further complicated by outside intervention from Iran and various external Islamic extremist groups. As of May 2009, the Iraqi government reported that more than 110,600 Iraqis had died in the violence since 2003 and that the figure was actually 10 to 20 percent higher because of thousands who were still not accounted for. Others such as the British medical journal Lancet estimated the figure to be much higher. The United States had suffered 4,278 deaths since the war had begun.Fortunately, the Kurdish region in Iraq was largely spared from this conflict. Indeed, since Turkey decided not to join the United States in attacking Iraq, the Iraqi Kurds quickly became the main U.S. ally in the north. Thus, the war initially gave the Iraqi Kurds the great-power ally they had always unsuccessfully sought in the past and placed them in the strongest position they had ever occupied in Iraq. The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) became virtually independent with Massoud Barzani as president and Nechirvan Idris Barzani as prime minister, while Jalal Talabani became president of Iraq. Moreover, the KRG model in northern Iraq inspired and emboldened the Kurds in Turkey, Iran, and even Syria to demand their rights as never before.However, as Arab Iraq gradually stabilized, it began to challenge these Kurdish gains in Iraq. The future of Kirkuk, as well as that of federalism, democracy, women's rights, Islam, and ultimate Kurdish rights remained to be solved. Eventual U.S. withdrawal also threatened the future of the KRG. What is more, Turkey feared that federalism for the Iraqi Kurds might be the first step toward independence and serve as an unwanted model for the Turkish Kurds. Only Turkey's inability to reach an agreement with the United States over allowing U.S. troops to use Turkey as a base from which to attack Iraq in 2003 prevented Washington and Ankara from reaching a deal that would have allowed Turkish troops into northern Iraq. In addition, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) sanctuary in the mountainous northeastern regions of the KRG also remained a problem in Turkish-KRG relations.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Gulf War — Gulf War, the a war which began in 1991, after Iraq attacked Kuwait and took control of it. A United Nations force led by the US, and including soldiers from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UK, and France, attacked Iraq and forced the Iraqi army out of… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Gulf War — n. the brief war fought in 1991 between Iraq and United Nations allies to free Kuwait from occupying Iraqi forces … English World dictionary
Gulf War — Gulf′ War′ n. amh. a conflict (Jan.–Feb. 1991) between Iraq and the United States and its allies to expel Iraq from Kuwait … From formal English to slang
Gulf War — This article is about the war in 1990/91. For other wars of that name, see Persian Gulf War (disambiguation). Operation Desert Storm redirects here. For the video game, see Operation: Desert Storm (video game). Gulf War … Wikipedia
Gulf War — by Richard G. Smith In 1981 Baudrillard argued that Francis Ford Coppola s film Apocalypse Now amounted to the extension and prolongation of the Vietnam War by means of media images, and that its success lay in the fact that it completed an… … The Baudrillard dictionary
Gulf War — (1991) The Gulf War in 1991 resulted in a quick victory for the coalition led by the United States against Saddam Hussein s Iraq after he had invaded Kuwait in the summer of 1990. The Iraqi Kurdish refugee exodus following the unsuccessful… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Gulf War — noun 1. a war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; 1990 1991 • Syn: ↑Persian Gulf War • Instance Hypernyms: ↑war, ↑warfare • Part Meronyms: ↑Operation Desert Storm 2 … Useful english dictionary
Gulf War — See Persian Gulf War (1991) … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Gulf War — war fought in 1991 by British and U.S. forces against Iraq in response to Iraq s invasion of Kuwait; war fought in 2003 by US and British forces against Iraq in which Americans invaded Iraq (wherein Sadam Hussein was captured and his two sons… … English contemporary dictionary
Gulf War — /gʌlf ˈwɔ/ (say gulf waw) noun 1. a war between Iran and Iraq, 1980–90, due to territorial disputes over the oil rich provinces on their joint border. 2. a war in January February 1991 between Iraq and a UN sanctioned coalition of forces in which … Australian English dictionary